Radiography is the mainstay in idiopathic scoliosis imaging to both confirm the diagnosis and rule out any underlying conditions. Scoliosis is the presence of 1 or more lateral rotatory curves of the spine in the coronal plane. Although defined as a side-to-side deformity, it is a 3-dimensional (3D) rotational deformity. Many causes of scoliosis are known; however, 80% of them are idiopathic. Idiopathic scoliosis is a diagnosis of exclusion.
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